Also known as thyrotoxicosis, is a hypermetabolic clinical and biochemical state caused by excess production of thyroid hormones.

CAUSES-

It is caused by many diseases but three most common causes are Grave’s disease (diffuse toxic goitre), toxic multinodular goitre, toxic adenoma. Other causes are hypersecretion of TSH due to Pituitary tumour, thyroiditis, struma ovaries, thyroid tumour and lastly by excessive doses of thyroid hormones or iodine called JODBASEDOW DISEASE.

CLINICAL FEATURES-

Hyperthyroidism have a slow onset, more frequent in females. The usual symptoms are emotional instability, nervousness, palpitations, fatigue, weight loss in spite of a good appetite, heat intolerance, perspiration, menstrual disturbances and fine tremors of the outstretched hands. Other symptoms are tachycardia; cardiomegaly; skin is warm, moist and flushed; weakness of skeletal muscles and osteoporosis. Typical eye changes in the form of exophthalmos which is a common feature of grave’s disease.

Serum T3 and T4 level are elevated but TSH secretion is usually inhibited.
A sudden spurt in the severity of hyperthyroidism termed as thyroid storm or thyroid crisismay occur in patients who have undergone subtotal thyroidectomy before adequate control of hyperthyroid state or in a hyperthyroid patient under acute stress, trauma and in severe infection.

HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT-

Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using a holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the signs and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat goiter but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat goiter that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations, and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are the following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of hyperthyroidism are:-

1.Iodum

  • Affect especially Right side
  • Loss of weight despite having a good appetite.
  • Always better while eating.
  • Feel excessive heat.
  • Anxious.

2.Natrum Mur

  • Effective in early stages
  • Weakness especially in the morning.
  • Heart rate slow
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Weight loss

3.Lachesis

  • Suited to women of menopause age with excessive hot flushes.
  • Palpitations along with slight tremors.
  • Menstrual flow decreased.
  • Fainting.

4.Conium

  • Delayed and scanty menses.
  • Irritable with weakness of memory.
  • Trembling of hands.
  • Excessive sweating on hands.

5.Lycopodium

  • Affect especially the Right side.
  • Weight loss.
  • Emaciation of upper part of the body.
  • Craving for warm drinks and sweets.

Other remedies that also help in hyperthyroidism are aloe scorotina, fucus, Lachesis, Lycopus, phosphorus, pulsatilla, sepia, sulphur, etc.

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