Migraines are severe throbbing, pulsating recurring types of headaches, and usually on just one side of the head. It’s often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can cause significant pain for hours to days and can be so severe that the pain is disabling.

CAUSES:-

Researchers believe that migraine has a genetic cause. There are also a number of factors that can trigger a migraine, including stress, anxiety, hormonal changes in women, bright or flashing lights, loud noises, strong smells, medicines, too much or not enough sleep, sudden changes in weather or environment, overexertion (too much physical activity), tobacco, caffeine or caffeine withdrawal, skipped meals, medication overuse (taking medicine for migraines too often), certain foods and food additives.

Who is at risk for migraines?

Migraines can affect anyone, but you are more likely to have them if you:

  • Are a woman. Women are three times more likely than men to get migraines.
  • Have a family history of migraines. Most people with migraines have family members who have migraines.
  • Have other medical conditions, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, sleep disorders, and epilepsy.

SYMPTOMS OF MIGRAINE

There are four different phases of migraines. You may not always go through every phase each time you have a migraine.

  • Prodome. This phase starts up to 24 hours before you get migraines. You have early signs and symptoms, such as food cravings, unexplained mood changes, uncontrollable yawning, fluid retention, and increased urination.
  • Aura. If you have this phase, you might see flashing or bright lights or zig-zag lines. You may have muscle weakness or feel like you are being touched or grabbed. An aura can happen just before or during a migraine.
  • Headache. A migraine usually starts gradually and then becomes more severe. It typically causes throbbing or pulsing pain, which is often on one side of your head. But sometimes you can have a migraine without a headache. Other migraine symptoms may include
  • Increased sensitivity to light, noise, and odors
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Worsened pain when you move, cough, or sneeze
  • Postdrome (following the headache). You may feel exhausted, weak, and confused after a migraine. This can last up to a day.

Migraines are more common in the morning; people often wake up with them. Some people have migraines at predictable times, such as before menstruation or on weekends following a stressful week of work.

DIAGNOSIS OF MIGRAINE

There’s no specific test to diagnose migraines. For an accurate diagnosis to be made, your Doctor must identify a pattern of recurring headaches along with the associated symptoms.

Doctor may ask if your headaches are:

  • On one side of the head
  • A pulsating pain
  • Severe enough to prevent you from carrying out daily activities
  • Made worse by physical activity or moving about
  • Accompanied by nausea and vomiting
  • Accompanied by sensitivity to light and noise

An important part of diagnosing Migraines is to rule out other medical conditions that could be causing the symptoms. So you may also have blood tests, an MRI or CT scan, or other tests.

 HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT-

Homeopathic medicines provide symptomatic relief in Migraines. The medicines are selected basis the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using a Homoeopathic holistic approach.

Following remedies are highly effective in the treatment of migraine:

  1. Belladonna
  • Intense headache with violent throbbing pains, extreme sensitivity to light, noise, touch.
  • Pains begin and end suddenly, most often focused on the forehead.
  • Pain may extend from forehead to back of the head, face flushed and hot, hands and feet may be cold.
  1. Bryonia
  • The patient has a heavy or “splitting” headache, pain settles over one eye (especially the left).
  • Pain is worse from any motion, even from moving the eyes.
  • Nausea with a heavy feeling in the stomach and vomiting may occur.
  1. Gelsemium
  • Pain begins at the back of the head and extends to rest of the head or forehead.
  • Feels like a band is bound tightly around the head.
  • Pain localized on the right side of the head, worse by light, noise, and motion.
  • Better from napping or urinating.
  1. Nux vomica
  • Headaches brought on by overeating, use of alcohol, coffee, or other drugs, or missed sleep.
  • Pain from mental over-exertion, cold air, or cold wind.
  • Worse in the morning, especially on first waking.
  1. Glonoinum

  • This remedy relieves sudden headaches, with the fullness of the head.
  • Feeling of heat, and aggravated by heat.